Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail

Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail. Photo Credits: NPS.

The Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail is a 1,210-mile historic route from Nogales, Arizona to San Francisco, California. The trail, officially designated a National Historic Trail in 1990, commemorates the story of the 1775-1776 Spanish Expedition lead by Juan Bautista de Anza to settle Alta (or upper) California. 240 men, women and children joined Anza for more than 5 months of trekking. In spite of many obstacles and often brutal conditions all but one of the settlers survived. They established the first overland route to link New Spain with San Francisco and founded the Mission and Presidio of San Francisco, the Mission in Santa Clara and the Pueblo of San José. Most settled in what is today the San Francisco Bay Area. Please see the menus to the right for additional information.