Muir Woods National Monument
Muir Woods National Monument’s ancient coast redwood forest is home to numerous plants and animals including bats, raccoons, deer, song birds, chipmunks, banana slugs, salamanders, and threatened and endangered species like Northern Spotted Owls, coho salmon, and steelhead trout. Muir Woods and the Redwood Creek watershed are a part of Golden Gate International Biosphere Reserve—one of the planet’s richest and most threatened biological areas.
Once abundant on the foggy coastal hills of California, many redwood forests were lost to logging in the 1800s. In 1905, local businessman William Kent and his wife bought these 295 acres and donated them to the federal government to protect one of the last stands of uncut redwoods in the area. In 1908 President Theodore Roosevelt designated the site as a national monument. Today Muir Woods hosts nearly one million visitors from all around the world every year. Though established through its own enabling legislation, this site is managed by the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.